Sourced with thanks from indiatoday.in
Fatty liver is a common disorder that seems to betting more and more prevalent. It’s the non-alcoholic fatty lever disease that’s in focus here. In spite of the prevalence not much is known about it by most people. What is fatty liver and how to recognise the symptoms and what to do next is discussed simply and clearly by the medical specialists in the article below. Team RetyrSmart
All you need to know about fatty liver disease
The liver is the second largest organ in your body. It helps in processing nutrients from food and remove harmful substances from your blood. Fatty liver is a common disorder that affects up to 20-25 per cent of adults and about 5 per cent of children approximately. Fatty liver disease is (also called Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) or Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)), a group of conditions where there is an accumulation of excess fat deposits in the liver cells.
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This fat deposit is also seen among alcoholics. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is seen in patients who drink little or no alcohol. Fatty Liver Disease can stem from a myriad of issues including poor diet, obesity, pre-diabetes, genetics and poor gut health.
Fatty liver is also known as hepatic steatosis. Too much fat in your liver can cause liver inflammation, which can damage your liver and create scarring. In severe cases, this scarring can lead to liver failure.
Why fatty liver disease has become more common?
Due to the sedentary lifestyle of an individual, that includes physical inactivity and unhealthy food choices such as consumption of high-calorie foods in the daily diet, which results in, accumulate of additional fatty acids, water, and carbohydrate into the liver, which may lead to liver enlargement or fatty liver.
Unhealthy eating habits
Our physical health depends on the kind of food we eat. There has been a drastic change in the selection of food nowadays. Individuals are more focused on eating junk food, high-calorie foods (like red meats, sweets, etc.) and drinks (like carbonated drinks, packed juices, energy drinks, etc.), and alcohol. Such poor dietary habits may contribute to the development of the fatty liver.
The development of fatty liver is associated with lifestyle diseases such as poor eating habits, physical inactivity, and smoking.
What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
In most cases, fatty liver causes no symptoms, but you may feel tired or experience discomfort or pain in the right upper abdomen. Some people develop liver scarring in long-standing fatty liver disease. Liver scarring is known as liver fibrosis and later on, it can cause liver cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis may cause early symptoms like lack of appetite, weight loss, weakness and fatigue. In the later stage, it can cause jaundice, bloody vomiting and confusion and disorientation
What is the treatment for fatty liver disease?
There are no medications, which have been approved to treat fatty liver disease. In most cases, lifestyle changes like limit or avoid alcohol, weight reduction and changes in your diet can help reverse fatty liver disease.
If you have developed complications, you need additional treatments. Depending on the stage of cirrhosis, treatment can be lifestyle changes, medications and surgery. Cirrhosis can lead to liver failure for which you might need a liver transplant.
How to treat fatty liver disease with food?
One of the effective ways to treat fatty liver disease, regardless of type, is a proper diet. In a healthy body, the liver helps in the production of bile, digestive protein, and detoxification. Fatty liver disease damages the liver and prevents it from working normally as it should.
The diet for fatty liver disease include:
Fruits and vegetables: Reducing calorie intake and eating high fibre, natural foods is a good starting point. Eating foods that contain complex fibre can provide sustained energy and promote satiety and fresh fruits and vegetables are a good source. So, include at least 4 to 5 servings of vegetable and 2-3 servings of fruits in your daily diet.
High-fibre plants like legumes and whole grains: Legumes and grains are a good source of fibre and minerals and contain a good amount of plant protein, which is very healthy for the liver. Instead of taking refined flours and animal protein, one should have focused on plant-based proteins. Include whole grains, pulses, soya in your healthy diet to keep your liver healthy.
Foods to avoid if you have a fatty liver: As we know that too much consumption of salt, refined sugar and saturated fat can lead to obesity and liver enlargement, and it can lead to liver damage. Avoid the consumption of refined sugar, high sugary drink, bakery products, commercial and packed food items because they are high in saturated fat, sugar and salt.
Avoid poultry product (red meat), full cream milk sugar candies, regular soda, and fried food made with palm and coconut oil. Instead of that, include fresh fruits juice, lemon water, buttermilk, homemade soup or lassie, fresh coconut water in your diet. Use vegetable oil and keep changing this every after month.
No alcohol: Drinking a lot of alcohol damages, the liver. When it’s damaged, the liver can’t break down fat properly. This can cause fat to build up, which is known as alcoholic fatty liver.
Focus on mealtime and portion size: Consuming your meals and snacks on a regular schedule can help keep your digestive system in top shape. “When you don’t eat at consistent times each day, it can cause your stomach to overwork resulting in bloating and indigestion, but eating on a schedule” will allow proper digestion of your food, which will result in you having a good comfortable feeling in your stomach.
Research has shown that people consistently eat more food when offered larger portions. So, portion control is important when you’re trying to cure fatty liver and keep it off. Having small and divided meals in between snacking will help you to keep away yourself from overeating and to reduce calorie intake.